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Top 5 most in-demand specialities in the maritime sector


Table of Contents

The maritime sector has always been an important element of the economy and industry. Despite all the difficulties, the maritime sector continues to grow, opening up new opportunities for specialists in various fields. 

In this article, we take a look at the top 5 most in-demand specialities in the maritime sector, which can offer interesting and promising career opportunities.

Ship Captain

A ship captain is one of the key and important specialisations in the maritime sector. The captain is not just the main person on board, he is the embodiment of responsibility for the vessel, its crew and the cargo it carries.

A ship under the captain’s command is a small world where every action must be calibrated and precisely calculated. Navigation and manoeuvring, even in the most difficult weather conditions, are under the full control of the Master. He is responsible for the safe conduct of the vessel and, of course, its technical condition.

However, the captain’s activity is not limited only to the management of the vessel. The crew is like a second family for him, and it is the captain who organises their work, assigns duties and monitors their performance. The captain also interacts with port authorities, customs and other organisations in order to fulfil the set transport tasks.

The captain’s professionalism is confirmed not only by his higher education in the speciality of “Shipping” or “Maritime Engineering”, but also by the possession of all necessary qualification documents. Experience of work in the maritime industry, including managerial positions, knowledge of maritime laws and safety standards – all this is an integral part of his qualification.

In addition to professional skills, the captain must also possess personal qualities such as the ability to make decisions in extreme situations, the ability to react adequately to emerging problems and, of course, the ability to manage personnel.

The job of a ship’s captain requires high responsibility, professionalism and readiness for complex and responsible tasks. It is one of the most prestigious and highly paid professions in the maritime industry.

Ship mechanic

The profession of a ship mechanic is one of the key professions on a ship. This specialist is responsible for the technical condition of the ship, its propulsion systems and equipment. A ship mechanic is a person who should have not only deep theoretical knowledge in shipbuilding, mechanical engineering and electrical engineering, but also practical skills that allow to quickly and efficiently solve problems arising on board.

A ship’s mechanic is often involved in the process of ship design and construction, which requires creativity and the ability to find innovative solutions. At the same time, his main task is to ensure the smooth operation of the vessel during the voyage. The ship mechanic monitors the serviceability of the engine and other systems of the vessel, carries out necessary repairs, monitors compliance with technical norms and standards.

An important part of the work is co-operation with the ship’s captain and other crew members. He advises the captain on technical issues, prepares technical documentation and reports, trains personnel in the rules of equipment operation.

The professionalism of a ship mechanic is confirmed by higher education in shipbuilding or mechanical engineering, as well as the availability of all necessary qualification documents. Experience in the maritime industry, knowledge of maritime laws and safety regulations are also important components of the qualification of this specialist.

A ship mechanic is a highly qualified specialist, on whom the safety and efficiency of maritime transport depends to a large extent. This profession requires from a person not only profound knowledge and professional skills, but also the ability to work in a team, make responsible decisions and quickly adapt to changing conditions.

Ship’s electromechanic

The profession of marine electromechanic is a combination of knowledge and skills in the field of electrical engineering, mechanics and shipbuilding. This specialist is responsible for the serviceability and maintenance of all electrical systems and mechanisms on board the vessel. The ship’s electromechanic also ensures the serviceability and safety of electrical equipment under sea navigation conditions.

This profession requires not only theoretical knowledge of electrical and mechanical engineering, but also practical skills in solving technical problems arising on board. A ship’s electromechanic must be able to promptly find and eliminate faults in the operation of electrical systems and mechanisms, carry out regular maintenance and repair of electrical equipment. In addition, the ship’s electromechanic ensures the correct operation and safe use of electrical equipment on board. He also monitors compliance with electrical safety norms and standards, instructs and trains the crew on how to work with electrical equipment.

The work of a ship’s electrician requires appropriate technical education and all necessary qualification documents. Experience in electrical or mechanical engineering, as well as knowledge of maritime laws and safety standards are important components of this specialist’s qualifications.


The profession of a shipmaster on a seagoing vessel involves many responsibilities, each of which is critical to safe and efficient navigation. A shipmaster not only locates the ship using maps, compasses, GPS and radio navigation, but also plans the route, taking into account weather conditions and other important factors. He then monitors its adherence, making adjustments when necessary.

In addition, he calculates the ship’s speed and estimated time of arrival at the destination. However, the job is not just limited to this – the shipmaster is also responsible for the safety of the vessel and crew by monitoring the vessel’s technical condition and keeping an eye on weather conditions. His job is to prevent any possible incidents and take the necessary measures to avoid them.

The job of a shipmaster requires specialised education and qualification documents confirming the ability to perform his duties. A ship navigator must have knowledge of cartography, meteorology, astronavigation, and be able to use modern navigation systems and instruments. This profession implies high responsibility, attentiveness and the ability to make quick and correct decisions in any situation.

Ship’s cook

A ship’s cook is not just a profession, it is an art that combines a love of cookery with the ability to work in a confined space and a ship’s oscillation on a wave. This job requires both professionalism in preparing a variety of dishes and the ability to organise the crew’s meals in such a way as to satisfy the needs of each crew member.

The ship’s cook is responsible for preparing menus, purchasing and storing food, and preparing meals on board. His task is to provide the crew with a balanced and nutritious diet, which will help to maintain health and performance at a high level. An important part of a ship’s cook’s work is compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms and food safety standards.

The work of a ship’s cook is associated with high physical and psychological strain, as you have to work in a confined space, often with rocking, and away from home for long periods of time. But in return the cook gets the opportunity to travel, see new places and get acquainted with different cultures and traditions.

The profession of a ship’s cook requires specialised education and experience in the field of cookery. Also important qualities for a ship’s cook are creativity, ability to make quick decisions, stress resistance and good organisational skills.

In conclusion, the maritime sector offers a wide range of opportunities for specialists in various fields. In-demand specialities include not only command positions, but also technical specialities, as well as specialists who ensure the crew’s life support during sea voyages. In any case, work in the maritime sector requires high qualifications, professionalism and readiness for complex and responsible tasks.

At Marine Training Centre “Avant” you can get the necessary skills and knowledge that will help you to become a real professional. 

We have qualified teachers who will share their experience with you and help you learn all the subtleties of the profession. We offer courses that meet international standards and requirements of the maritime industry, and at the end of training you will receive a certificate confirming your qualification.

At “Avant”, you can also retrain or upgrade your skills, which will allow you to take on more senior positions on the ship and earn a higher salary. Contact us and we will help you succeed in the maritime industry!